Abstract art uses visual language of shape, form, color and line to create a composition which may exist with a degree of independence from visual references in the world. Western art had been, from the renaissance up to the middle of the 19th century, underpinned by the logic of perspective. and an attempt to reproduce an illusion of visible reality. By the end of the 19th century many artists felt a need to create a new kind of art which would encompass the fundamental changes taking place in technology, science and philosophy. The sources from which individual artists drew their theoretical arguments were diverse, and reflected the social and intellectual preoccupations in all areas of Western culture at that time.
HistoryOriginating in Europe in the late 19th century, Abstract art fully emerged in the early 20th century when a decline in the appreciation of Realism became more common among Avant-garde artists of the period. Likewise, the Abstract art movement which followed called for works which allowed for lucid analysis and meaning via lines, colours and shapes that had not been previously recognised in art. Impressionism was therefore one of the many other art movements at the genesis of abstraction within art. Like Expressionism it focused on a few key formal elements to manipulate and distort realistic representation with a clear emphasis on portraying light.
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